There are a number of things to consider when setting up an aquaponics system. Although it is simple to build in principle, knowledge of how the system works is essential. Having first-hand knowledge of how to build such a system from someone who has successfully built a working aquaponics system, would be great. Practical hands-on knowledge is very important to have, especially if you have never built an aquaponics system before. Here are some important things to consider when building your aquaponics system.
One of the most common and preventable aquaponic problems, is the formation of algae. All aquaponic systems us water with nutrients from fish. With the combination of water, nutrients and light you are destined to get algae. The bad thing about algae is the little bugs that is attracts. Fungus gnats are one of these bugs that will severely damage the roots of your plants, which can even kill your crops. This could be a major issue, although the solution is quite easy to fish, limit the light exposure to the nutrients!
aquaponics is simple and a more practical way of farming for most people. With typical farming, you would need a large tract of fertile land. But with aquaponics, there is no soil required and you can grow a lot in a very small space. You also eliminate the labor and cost involved with tilling the soil, fertilizing and working the land.
Leaves are wilting and dying — when your crops are dying, it is time to consider the type of water flow you are using on your system. Especially if it is now a continuous water flow, chances are your plants aren’t getting enough oxygen so try switching to once hourly or the ebb-aquaponic gardening-flood method.
Fish can go a while without food, but just like us, they need a constant supply of oxygen. Even though they live in the water, they don’t need oxygen any less than we do. They require oxygen from the water just the same as we do by breathing air. If their oxygen supply is gone they will die. And without the fish, your plants will quickly start to turn yellow from a lack of nutrients and will eventually die. Oxygen is very critical aquaponic keep the balance of the system.
You make totally love gold fish but if it will not fit in the system, you must choose the best. The best fish species for this system are those who can survive in various water conditions. In short, the best fishes are those who can adapt to its environment easily. Tilapia is widely used nowadays since it can grow its fingerlings even if there are changes in the water. However, if there is no tilapia in your locality, you can make use of carps, barramundi, cud or catfish.
As you choose to make a bigger system, scale it up and ask questions from our community of experts. I will share my experiences as we build our Aquaponics system here in Colorado.