Creating an aquaponics system is fairly easy as long as you have researched and have taken the time to learn the basics of aquaponics gardening. The most important aspect is the initial setup and the timing of putting everything together to function properly. With the following information, you will be well on your way to a beautiful garden.
With aquaponics, you can grow fish without any need to dispose of their wastes and it produce no waste water. And you can grow vegetables without the need to add any fertilizer. Once the system is established, the only things you need to regularly add to the system is fish food, plants seeds and a little water to replace what is lost through transpiration and evaporation.
fish aquaponics is simple and a more practical way of farming for most people. With typical farming, you would need a large tract of fertile land. But with aquaponics, there is no soil required and you can grow a lot in a very small space. You also eliminate the labor and cost involved with tilling the soil, fertilizing and working the land.
The aquaponics system is a natural cycle that uses fish (of any kind) to feed your plants and vegetables with all the food and nutrition that they need to prosper. The fish produce waste which is sent from the tank to your plant beds which are specially designed to allow the water to flow through them, at the same time feeding the plants and cleaning the water before returning it to the fish tank.
Although the pH range for the plants is different, what is acceptable for the plants does fall inside the acceptable pH level range for the fish. In an an aquaponics system there needs to be a compromise between the pH level for the fish and the plants. The lower end of the pH range for the plants is much more acidic than for the fish. Having the pH of the water reach the lower end of what is acceptable to the plants, should never happen, if you are monitoring the pH of the water with the fish in mind.
The two most common components are the aquaculture and hydroponics systems. These are both obvious components because an aquaponics system in its most basic form is just the combination of these two systems. The aquaculture system is where the fish are kept. Here they are fed and it from the water they live that the plants in the hydroponics system get their food. Because the waste from the fish builds up as time goes by it eventually has to be removed. Instead of replacing the polluted water with fresh water, it is feed to the plants. The plants effectively filter the water making it clean enough for the fish to live in.
In some cases, you may be limited to location selections for your aquaponic system. If so, you may need to provide some kind of auxiliary lighting system. Although some people spend a lot of money on expensive grow light systems, this is not required for good aquaponic source. A set of fluorescent lights fashioned into a lighting system should do the job.
There are cases where the fish won’t provide enough nutrients for the plants. In some cases you may want to add additional nutrients. Nitrogen, iron, calcium and potassium are common nutrients that you may need to add. Many of these can be added from organic or simple mineral sources. Your plants will tell you when they are lacking nutrients if you learn what to look for.
If you are experienced, you can size your system and be ready for as large of a tank and growing system that you want. But if you are a newbie, as I am in this arena, learning an all new vocabulary as well as new skills, planning is the first and most important step. Make sure that you ask lots of questions, and then test, test, test.