Aquaponics is a fairly new way of growing organic food and is a hybrid of the hydroponics set ups but with no chemicals used at all. The most time consuming part is getting your fish tank ready for your fish to live in. You need to fill the tank set up the heater and filter and then leave it for two or three weeks so that natural bacteria can start to develop, a pinch of fish food can speed this up or drop a little piece of meat in the tank. After this water maturing period the tank will be crystal clear and ready for you fish.
It takes a little bit of work to get the system established and after that it mostly takes care of itself, aside from feeding the fish, checking PH levels and build aquaponics system a few other light maintenance details. Of course you have to do the planting and harvesting too, but that is the fun part and is very simple. Since there is no soil involved there is no digging.
Aquaponics takes some of the principals of aquaponics and blends it with hydroponics. This allows you to grow both fish and plants, while utilizing the same space and resources. This creates a system that is much more efficient than growing either plants or fish on their own. In this system there really are no waste products, everything is utilized. You can grow crops with only around 2% of the water as traditional farming and in a fraction of the space.
aquaponics how to works by pumping water from a fish tank to a separate grow bed where the plant roots grow directly into the fish water. This can be done in a medium like gravel or clay balls, or with the roots just hanging free in the water. The plants are supplied with all the water and nutrients they need, so growth can be spectacular. And this method is all organic, so vegetables that are grown this way are typically of garden grown quality.
For thousands of years people have worked hard and put a lot of time and expense putting water and nutrients into the soil, just so plants can work to get the water and nutrients back out of the soil. So why not bypass all of this and just give the plants what they want?
Trout are commonly used by fish aquaponics farmers in cold climates, especially during the winter months. However because the water in your aquaponics garden with be cold, the types of plants you will be able to successfully grow will be limited. Most plants need warm water to grow properly in an aquaponics garden.
Water pumps and filtration systems maintain a perfect environment for both fish and plants. Before starting the project, you will need to determine the type of plants and fish to grow. You need to plan on water temperature that suits the tank size. Other factors include calculating water heaters in watts; number of lights needed and water quality parameters for various types of fish.
Get a great start in growing your own food or growing commercially with this aquaponics how to guide. Learn the easy way to set up your system and have it quickly producing fresh fish and vegetables.