The design of the aquaponics system will depend on the available space, climate and the type of fish you plan to raise. Here are several important design considerations to examine and understand before getting started.
Vegetables are essential for a good nutrition, yet you can not always find fresh, organic veggies in the market. With an aquaponic garden in your house you will have fish and veggies for your family without depending on the market. Also, you will save some money without investing too much of your precious time.
Where you locate your new aquaponic source system should not be overlooked. This will determine, to a large degree, how well your plants grow and how well your aquatic animals thrive in their aquaculture environment. If your system is to be inside, the room you choose should be warm, not to hot or cold, and allow sunlight to shine over your plants. If there is no room in your home you might consider building a shed in your backyard. A clerestory style shed would be a good choice as it has a row of windows in its roof. This row of windows allows sunlight inside the structure, where it spreads down into the structure. Another choice for would be to construct a greenhouse.
Your aquatic animals will not always provide enough nutrients for your plants to thrive. You will have to add nutrients into the water yourself. This is no big deal. Generally it will only require adding such thing as potassium carbonate, iron or calcium carbonate.
Lighting is probably the factor which will most significantly affect yields. Plants use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide into solid carbon for leaf and mass building, and the stronger the light, the faster that will happen. Going outdoors is a good choice if it is possible for you, otherwise your electricity bill may become a bit high due to the artificial lighting you have to provide.
But today, I can say with pride that I am a somewhat successful gardener. I started out with only a small setup that only produced some tomatoes. Something akin to a trial run, I suppose. Now my whole back yard-a half acre- is nothing but a big greenhouse with all kinds of vegetables and catfish that reach a pound often enough to keep us in healthy food all year round. I hear people say that eating healthy is too expensive and it can be when you get all of your food at a grocery store.
Once the cycle is in motion, the farmer should not have to add any chemical whatsoever. The balance that is created between the plants cleaning the water and the fish polluting it will create the perfect chemical balance. There is a slight catch to this amazing process.
It will also give you a chance to stay connected with nature. It will be a great experience for you to raise such a well purposed farm and see it flourishing and growing in the most amazing way without your active support.