What Are the Rules of Being a Security Guard?
Security Guards are employed by businesses and organisations often for two main reasons, to deter threats such as theft and vandalism, and to deal with these issues if they arise. But what are security guards legally allowed to do? As they are employed to deal with crime it is often believed that they have the same or similar rights and powers as those that work in the police force. However, this is not the case; security guards have no more rights or legal authority than members of the general public (you could even deny speaking to a guard if you did not want to). This, of course, raises further questions on what it is precisely that a security guard is allowed to do when dealing with customers or potential threats.
Can a Security Guard Arrest or Detain You?
Like any other member of the public, security guards are allowed to perform a citizen’s arrest if they have reasonable grounds for suspicion of the person they plan on arresting. Although, 바카라사이트쿠폰 there are certain conditions that the situation must meet in order for the citizen’s arrest to be a legal one, these come under Section 24A of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. Take note of the conditions for a legal citizen’s arrest listed below:
they witness or have reasonable grounds to suspect that a person has committed a crime
they witness or have reasonable grounds to suspect that a person is in the act of committing a crime
to protect a person from causing physical injury to themselves or others
to prevent a person from damaging the property or causing a loss to the business/organisation
they believe that it is not practical in that moment for a police constable to make the arrest instead of themselves
to prevent a person from running away and leaving the scene before a police constable arrives to assume responsibility for them
What should I do when making a Citizen’s Arrest?
Knowing whether or not you have made the right call can be difficult, so the first step is to ensure that your suspicions of a person committing a criminal act have reasonable grounds. The checklist below is a good reference to look back on when making this decision:
Have you noticed suspicious behaviour?
Did they pick up an item from the shop that they then proceeded to conceal or hide? Were they carrying an item that is intended to do damage to property such as spray paint?
Is there a definite possibility of the crime taking place?
Did they leave the shop without paying for said items? Has damage been done to property or is in the process of being done?
Have you watched them continuously over the course of this time period?
If you have not watched them over this period then the items may have been put back, or the spray paint taken from the original suspect by someone else. Without watching them over the entire period you may be uncertain to whether you have reasonable grounds for suspicion.
If you can satisfy the requirements of this checklist then you can relatively certain of your legal rights to detain a person. When approaching someone who has potentially committed an offence, it is good to explain to them exactly what is happening, who you are and give them an opportunity to prove their innocence by asking if, for example, you can check their bag and receipts etc. If a crime has been committed then the police can be contacted and you should stay with the person until the police arrive.
Can a Security Guard Physically Restrain You?
Force used by a security guard must be of a ‘reasonable’ amount, so in that case, this means that any levels of force such as physical restraint and grabbing must only be used when completely necessary and when in the process of detaining someone. This could be if you attempt to escape after committing an offence or if they believe that you could cause damage to yourself or others in the vicinity.
An article by Region Security Guarding Ltd. To find out more please follow the link provided below website a Security Guard Can and Can’t Do